What is a Mixed Member Proportional voting system?
Under the proposed MMP model there will still be 27 seats in the Legislative Assembly. However, only 18 of them would be district seats. The other 9 would be province-wide seats.
Each of the 18 districts would be considerably larger than any of the 27 under the current system.
Under the MMP system members representing the 18 electoral districts would continue to be elected on an FPTP basis.
In addition to the 18 district members, there would be 9 province-wide members elected by voters from a list of candidates put forward by the registered political parties.
An MMP ballot will be in two parts. In the first part, using the First Past The Post system, a voter would mark a single ‘X’ for their preferred candidate. Two-thirds of the MLAs will be elected this way and will become a representative for a district. On the second part of the ballot, a voter would mark a single ‘X’ for their preferred party by voting for a candidate on a party list. One-third of the MLAs would be elected this way. The result of the second part of the ballot determines the percentage of popular vote for each party.
This second vote assigns seats to parties by attempting to make up for any difference in what a party would be assigned proportionally and the number of seats won through First Past The Post. List candidates would represent the entire province.
Based on results in other countries like Scotland, Germany and New Zealand, proportional systems often result in minority or coalition governments, while majority governments are possible.